Cupping Notes: Pineapple, apricot, fresh tobacco, herbal, cedar
About This Coffee
This lot originates from 137 smallholder farmers growing Catimor, Tim Tim and Typical varieties on plots averaging 2 hectares, located in the Garut district of West Java, at elevations around 1300 meters. Generally harvest runs from May through August, after which they sell their partially finished green coffee to collectors who travel the region. This region borders on a forest conservation area called G. Mandalawangi, which is home to many species of wildlife.
Wet hulling is a process devised in Sumatra and adopted throughout the region as a solution to rainy, humid conditions that make drying green coffee a challenge. Typically, farmers depulp freshly picked cherries, ferment overnight, and wash the seeds before selling to a mill or collector only partially dried. The coffee's husk (parchment) is removed much earlier stage than in a standard washed process, while the green seed is still soft and pliable; great care is needed to prevent excessive damage. After milling, the coffee seeds are then finally dried until optimum moisture content is reached.
Country of Origin: Indonesia
Region: Garut, West Java
Producer Type: Small Holder Farmers
Processing Description: Depulped, 16 hour fermentation, wet hulled, dried in greenhouses
Growing Altitude: 1300 MASL
Plant Species: Arabica
Varietals: Catimor, Tim Tim, Typica
Screen Size: 17/18
History of Coffee in Java:
Although coffee was first planted successfully on Java around 1700, cultivation spread slowly throughout what would become the great archipelagic state of Indonesia. In fact, the green coffee of Java served as progenitor to the coffees of far off Central America and had begun its ascent to being considered, alongside Arabian Mocha, as one of the best coffees in the world, long before commercial cultivation spread to nearby islands. At the same time, it should be noted that nearly all coffee from any island in the Dutch East Indies was considered “Java” until the early 20th century, so whose to say what Java was before then.
Growing Coffee in Java:
Some of the large coffee estates created by the Dutch 175 years ago can still be found on the volcanic Ijen Plateau at the eastern tip of Java, but most coffee farmers are smallholders growing coffee on an average of 1.5 hectare, many of them among a cluster of volcanoes in West Java, where coffee cultivation first began on the island. Although disease resistant Robusta became the dominate coffee crop, West Java has seen a steady increase in Arabica production in recent years. Arabica generally grows above 1200 meters and virtually all coffee is fully washed.
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